According to statistics, in 2017, 13 kinds of fruits from 10 countries are eligible for Quarantine Access to China, including Pineapples from Malaysia, pineapples from Costa Rica, blueberries from Mexico, nectarines from Chile, blueberries from Peru, oranges from Italy, grapes in Egypt, grapes from Argentina, cherries from Uzbekistan, blueberries, peaches, plums and apricots from Australia. The cherries of Uzbekistan and Australia's blueberries, peaches, plums and apricots have not completed import procedures and are currently not imported. The mangosteen of Indonesia was temporarily suspended due to detection of harmful organisms and excess residue. As of December, there are more than 200 kinds of fruits from 44 countries or regions in the list of Fresh fruit category and country/region for inspection and quarantine access issued by AQSIQ.
Popular fruits such as blueberries, grapes, cherries and pineapples have more Quarantine Access. This year, there are three new countries with access to blueberries. Currently, major producing countries of blueberries such as Chile, Peru, Uruguay, Mexico, Canada and Australia have been allowed to import to China. With the foreign blueberries on the market for the three seasons of autumn and winter, and the domestic blueberry listed in the summer, the blueberries are a year-round supply in China. Competition in China's blueberry market has also intensified. Costa Rica, the world's largest exporter of pineapple fresh pineapple, has also gained access. The main export products are MD2 pineapple. Uzbekistan cherries will catch up with China’s sales boom of cherry. The annual output of the cherries of Uzbekistan is 100,000 tons, ranking fifth in the world. Cherry also became Uzbekistan’s first fruit category to gain access to China.
Australia is the country that has the most fruit access to China this year, with four kinds of fruit gaining access. This result is mainly thanks to close cooperation between China and Australia government. According to the China-Australia free trade agreement, which was implemented in 2015, by January 2018, the export rate of most types of fruit to China in summer in Australia would be reduced to 2% from 10% before the agreement was signed. Summer fruit Australia expects exports of fruit products to rise to about 50 million Australian dollars in the next few years on the basis of a successful export of nectarines in the last quarter.
CIQ reminds Chinese fruit importers that imported fruit should be legally compliant. Import fruits, first of all, should apply to CIQ for examination and approval of import and export fruit quarantine, and obtain the import and plant quarantine permit of the People's Republic of China. Imported fruits should not contain quarantine harmful organisms, soil and branches, leaves and other plant residues that are prohibited from entering to china, and the detection amount of poisonous and harmful substances shall not exceed the provisions of relevant safety and hygienic standards in China. In the absence of the fruit of the directory, it would require the Chinese government to sign a bilateral agreement with the exporting countries or regional governments to import it properly.